Cyber Attacks and the Crime of Aggression
With rapidly advancing technology comes the disastrous reality of cyber attacks. This comment explores whether cyber attacks can be prosecuted at the International Criminal Court (ICC) as crimes of aggression.
discusses the Iran Stuxnet cyber attack.
explores creative interpretation of the
Economic Cyber Crimes and the
This comment examines the possibility to prosecute perpetrators of economic cyber attacks under the
Rome Statute. It considers economic cyber attack to be cyber attacks on financial institutions, businesses, or individuals with the primary goal of financial enrichment. The comment first assesses the possibility of prosecution under Article
Defining the Unique Issues Prosecuting Criminal Cyber Defense Actions Under the
Presents: A Lost Cause?
Cybersecurity has launched itself to the spotlight within both the scope of governmental organizations protecting national security and private industry keeping their own systems intact. Societal dependence on technology has brought with it the magic of efficiency, cost-effectiveness and widespread digital penetration on a scale...(more)
Incorporation of Cyberwarfare in the
Rome Statute: A Futile Endeavour
How wars are conducted has evolved throughout history with nations adopting more and more efficient and sophisticated means of causing mass destruction. We are witnessing a transition from traditional weapons such as ammunition to cyber weapons. The Tallinn attack of 2007, the Georgia hack of 2008 and the Stuxnet worm detected in 2010 are already some...(more)
Tackling Territoriality: Fitting Cyber Crimes into the Crime of Aggression
Territoriality has always been a key issue in national sovereignty. Wars have been fought over borders of nations, as territorial disagreements are often the precursor to war.1
This has led to conclusions where: “if you want to avoid war, learn how to settle territorial disputes non-violently.”2
However, the uniqueness of cyber activities...(more)
Distinguishing Cyberwarfare in the Law of Armed Conflict
The dawn and parabolic expansion of the Internet over the last half-century revolutionized how individuals, businesses, organizations, and states interact with one another. As states and their militaries have become increasingly interconnected and dependent on these technologies, a new realm of warfare has evolved beyond the conventional battlefields of air, land,...(more)
Social Media May be Used to Commit Genocide Under the
As technology progresses, cyber crime grows as a concern on a national, transnational, and international level. As the International Criminal Court pursues its goals of holding actors accountable for criminal violations of international law in 2022 and beyond, it will have to contend with a world that depends more and more on technology in all...(more)
Accountability for NotPetya: Why the International Criminal Court Can, and Should, Prosecute the Perpetrators of the NotPetya Cyber Attack as a War Crime
In June 2017, a popular Ukrainian tax accounting software called M.E.Doc underwent a routine software update. Unbeknownst to the thousands of Ukrainians who use this software, that update served as the entry point for a destructive malware that would soon gain access to...(more)